Shrinking Our Footprints
How can we use data to reduce our families’ impact on the environment?
In this project, students use measurement, data, and fraction concepts to develop, implement, and monitor an action plan for reducing their family’s impact on the environment. Each student team focuses on one resource: water, garbage, food waste, electricity, or car gas use. Teams research information, such as the amount of water per minute of shower or the number of miles per gallon used by a family car, and then they conduct home inventories of their family’s use of these resources for 1 week (e.g., timing the length of showers, the weight and volume of garbage, or the number of watt hours used by key household devices). Students graph their individual family data and collective team data on line plots. After measuring their families’ current use of resources, students set goals for reducing resource use by a given fraction and identify strategies to help their families achieve these goals (e.g., “We will reduce our use of water by one-quarter through taking shorter showers and making sure the dishwasher is full before running it.”) Students communicate these strategies and goals to their families in the form of an informative/explanatory letter and then measure and graph changes in their families’ resource use as they implement their action plans. As an alternative, if there are barriers to measuring data about resource use at home, students might consider measuring the use of resources in the classroom or across the school.